Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

The central nervous system (CNS) which comprises of the brain and spinal cord is the ultimate coordinator of all physiological functions. The brain is a well-structured complex organ, that functions to receive, process, integrate and export signals (internal & external) to regulate all of the bodily functions. The spinal cord, an elongated cylindrical structure, in association with the brainstem region, further carries impulses to-and-fro from the brain and primarily involves in coordination of reflex actions.

 

  • Track 1-1Brain: anatomy and physiology
  • Track 1-2Neurons : impulse transmission and its significance
  • Track 1-3Neurotransmitters
  • Track 1-4The limbic system
  • Track 1-5Role of CNS in speech coordination
  • Track 1-6Cognition
  • Track 1-7Sleep cycle mechanisms
  • Track 1-8Role of epigenetics on CNS
  • Track 1-9Spinal cord : structure and functions

Neurodegenerative disease includes a range of diseases wherein the nerve functions begins to cease, over the prolonged course of progression. The adverse effects of these diseases are typically worsened in individuals with advanced age. The underlying genetic predisposition and epigenetic factors play a key role behind this disease manifestation. Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease are the most common neurodegenerative diseases, affecting millions of people worldwide. 

 

  • Track 2-1Alzheimer Disease
  • Track 2-2Parkinson Disease
  • Track 2-3Huntington Disease
  • Track 2-4Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA)
  • Track 2-5Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Track 2-6Stem cell applications in treatment strategies
  • Track 2-7Animal model studies

Neurological disorders affect the entire part of the nervous system involving the brain, spinal cord and nerves. The peripheral nerves that are located deep under the skin are equally susceptible to damage. These disorders have the potential to affect an entire neurological pathway or a single neuron. There are several disorders of this kind, where certain ones are more common, with many disorders being very rare. Typically these disorders are multifactorial in nature and require complex research studies to understand their dynamics of disease progression. 

 

  • Track 3-1Cerebral Palsy
  • Track 3-2Migraine
  • Track 3-3Stroke
  • Track 3-4Dementia
  • Track 3-5Meningitis
  • Track 3-6Cerebral Aneurysm
  • Track 3-7Encephalitis
  • Track 3-8Muscular dystrophy
  • Track 3-93D cell culture applications
  • Track 3-10Microfluidic device applications on in vitro CNS based studies
  • Track 3-11Aging

The spinal cord as such is the most frequently affected part of the CNS and poses several health issues to every class of people. Poor lifestyle habits, lack of physical activity, unhealthy diet, prolonged sitting, and improper posture balance predisposes to spine-related abnormalities. In children, underlying congenital abnormalities and genetic makeup, further affects the spine development in many disastrous ways. The spine is more prone to acquire infections, injuries & fractures, tumors (benign & malignant), genetic abnormalities and age-related bone defects. When simple therapeutic maneuvers fail to treat basic spinal health problems, surgery is the only inevitable option. Spine surgeries have been advanced in several arenas, especially by the advent of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) technique. 

 

  • Track 4-1Back pain
  • Track 4-2Spondylolisthesis
  • Track 4-3 kyphosis
  • Track 4-4Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Track 4-5Spinal disc herniation
  • Track 4-6Laminectomy
  • Track 4-7Foraminotomy
  • Track 4-8Artificial disc replacement
  • Track 4-9Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS)
  • Track 4-10Spinal fusion

Neurological disorders in pediatric population are a very challenging domain owing to several causative factors, precision of accurate diagnostic findings and treatment strategies. Pediatric neurologists are the primary forerunners in early management of these patients. In certain circumstances, wherein a child has any physical malformation with respect to CNS, pediatric neurosurgeons are the inevitable experts who diagnose, treat and manage such patients. Amidst the existing techniques, this field requires more light in research and healthcare, with respect to precision medicine .

  • Track 5-1Craniofacial anomalies
  • Track 5-2Congenital myopathies
  • Track 5-3Myelomeningocele and spina bifida
  • Track 5-4Autism
  • Track 5-5Hydrocephalus
  • Track 5-6Myasthenia Gravis
  • Track 5-7Neural Tube Defects (NTDs)

Neuroimmune diseases involve complex interactive mechanisms between the CNS and immune system of affected individuals. Children during their early ages are more susceptible towards these diseases. They are particularly challenging in terms of clinical management because of the underlying antigen-antibody interactions. Huge collection of clinical data, genetic studies through genomicsimmune assayspathological features, biomarker identification, and precision medicine can potentially serve as an ideal modality to unravel the disease pathogenesis and can help in deciphering appropriate clinical management.

 

 

  • Track 6-1 Guillain-Barre Syndrome
  • Track 6-2Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM)
  • Track 6-3MOG antibody disease (MOGAD)
  • Track 6-4 Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)

Epilepsy is a CNS disorder in which the activity of brain becomes abnormal resulting in seizures. Over the period of time, epileptic patients tend to lose their sense of awareness and might end up developing behavioral shift patterns. People with epilepsy experience recurrent seizures, owing to rapid surge of electrical activity in the brain causing temporary disturbances in the messaging systems between brain cells. There are several types of seizures, most of which can be categorized as either focal or generalized.

  • Track 7-1Focal Seizures
  • Track 7-2Generalized seizures
  • Track 7-3Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures
  • Track 7-4Status Epilepticus
  • Track 7-5Sudden unexpected death in Epilepsy (SUDEP)
  • Track 7-6Vagus nerve stimulation
  • Track 7-7Deep brain stimulation

Biomarkers are measurable and quantifiable biological indicators used in screening, monitoring of disease progression and its prognosis. They can also be ideally used to determine an appropriate therapeutic management with enhanced precision. CNS biomarkers can greatly help in early prediction and management of several neurological disorders. Advancements in genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics have made the identification of relevant biomarkers in a convenient manner. Biomarker research studies are increasingly evident in the current scenario owing to it wide range of useful functionalities.

  • Track 8-1Neuroimaging enrichment for CNS disease
  • Track 8-2CNS drug development using biomarkers
  • Track 8-3Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers
  • Track 8-4Biomarker challenges in rare diseases

Anaesthesia for neurosurgical procedures requires thorough understanding of the normal anatomy of CNS and some changes that occur in response to the presence of space occupying lesions like trauma or infection. Along with the balanced anesthesia with smooth induction and emergence detailed attention should be given in order to maintain sufficient cerebral perfusion pressure. CPP and oxygenation should be appropriate while minimizing CMRO2 to protect against ischemia. 

Abstracts are invited under the following sub categories

  • Track 9-1Aims of neuro-anesthesia
  • Track 9-2Detailed CNS assessment
  • Track 9-3Perioperative anesthetic management
  • Track 9-4Anesthesia for elective neurosurgery

Neuroplasticity is the fundamental process through which the brain receives information, which on repetition is programmed to exhibit a pattern through hardwired complex neural circuits. It is an interesting phenomenon which remains as a puzzle amongst the minds of researchers.  Neuroplasticity is also described as brain plasticity or brain malleability. Neuroplasticity sometimes are also prone to impairment. For example, people who are deaf may suffer from a continual ringing in their ears (tinnitus), the result of the rewiring of brain cells starved for sound. For neurons to form beneficial connections, they must be correctly stimulated.

Neurorehabilitation aims at restoring individuals suffering from complex neurological diseases, to revert back to a possible normal lifestyle. Progressive neurological disorders like dementias, Parkinson's and isolated neurological events such as traumatic brain injuries and strokes are those that can get immensely benefited from neurorehabilitation. After completion of treatment in the acute stage, neurorehabilitation steps in to help the patient recover, maximize their functional and cognitive abilities and to help them in realizing their personal goals. 

 

  • Track 10-1Ten fundamentals of neuroplasticity
  • Track 10-2Types of cortical neuroplasticity
  • Track 10-3Neuro-linguistic Programming (NLP)
  • Track 10-4Neuroplasticity role in depression
  • Track 10-5Neuropsychological rehabilitation
  • Track 10-6Supporting specialisms for rehabilitation
  • Track 10-7Milieu Based treatment

Neuro-radiologists diagnose conditions of head, neck, spine and central nervous system by using equipment’s like computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron-emission-tomography for diagnosis. Interventional neuroradiology is a subspecialty within radiology domain. This field is the emerging forerunners in diagnosis of several neurology diseases ranging from simple to complex conditions in a very efficient and reliable manner.

  • Track 11-1Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
  • Track 11-2Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
  • Track 11-3Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
  • Track 11-4Diffuse Optical Imaging (DOI)
  • Track 11-5Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
  • Track 11-6Electroencephalogram applications
  • Track 11-7Interventional Neuroradiology
  • Track 11-8Current treatment options in Interventional Neuroradiology
  • Track 11-9Future Developments in Interventional Neuroradiology

Computational neuroscience is the field of study in which interdisciplinary science links up the diverse fields of neuroscience, computer science, physics and applied mathematics together. It is the primary investigative method used in order to understand the functioning and mechanism of nervous system. These computational models are used to framing the hypotheses which can be directly tested by current or future biological and/or psychological experiments. 

  • Track 12-1Descriptive Models
  • Track 12-2Mechanistic Models
  • Track 12-3Interpretive Models
  • Track 12-4Neuroinformatics
  • Track 12-5Neural engineering
  • Track 12-6Neural prostheses
  • Track 12-7 Artificial Intelligence : Deep Learning & Machine Learning models

Neurosurgery is a surgical specialization that treats diseases and disorders of the brain and spinal cord. Ever since its discovery, the field had underwent revolutionary advancements and consists of several sub-specialties to treat site-specific abnormalities.

  • Track 13-1Advances in Neurological surgeries
  • Track 13-2Vascular neurosurgery
  • Track 13-3Stereotactic neurosurgery
  • Track 13-4Functional neurosurgery
  • Track 13-5Oncological neurosurgery
  • Track 13-6Pediatric oncological neurosurgery
  • Track 13-7Peripheral nerve surgery
  • Track 13-8Pediatric neurosurgery

The term "craniotomy" refers broadly to the surgical removal of a part (bone flap) from the cranium (skull) in order to get temporary access to the intracranial compartment. The name of the craniotomy changes based upon the region where the bone has removed. For example, if the craniotomy is opened in the frontal bone, it is known as frontal craniotomy. This procedure will be done as a part of another surgery which was done either to the brain or surrounding tissues. The bone flap will be kept back in place once the surgery completes. Some craniotomy procedures may use the guidance of computers MRI or CT scans to reach the precise location within the brain that is to be treated.

  • Track 14-1Translabyrinthine Craniotomy
  • Track 14-2Endoscopic craniotomy
  • Track 14-3Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy
  • Track 14-4Extended Bifrontal craniotomy
  • Track 14-5Risks and complications

Keyhole brain surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure, used to remove brain tumors through smaller, more precise openings which minimizes the collateral damage for the surrounding scalp, brain, blood vessels and nerves thereby avoiding complications and patient disfigurement, while promoting a more rapid, complete and less painful recovery. It is also called as retro sigmoid craniotomy. Benefits of this procedure are less pain, faster recovery with minimal scarring, as compared to open craniotomy. 

  • Track 15-1Keyhole surgical approaches
  • Track 15-2Brain port approach
  • Track 15-3Supraorbital Eyebrow approach
  • Track 15-4Endonasal endoscopic approach
  • Track 15-5Gravity assisted approaches
  • Track 15-6Types of brain tumors treated with keyhole brain surgery

Robotic or Robot-assisted surgery is the advanced computer technology with the experience of the skilled surgeons. This technology will provide the surgeon with a 10x magnified, high-definition, 3D-image of the body's intricate anatomy. The surgeon will use the controls in the console to manipulate special surgical instruments which are smaller and as also more flexible and maneuverable than the human hand. The robot replicates the surgeon's hand movements, which minimizes the hand tremors. So the surgeon can operate with enhanced precision, dexterity and control even during the most complex procedures. 

 

  • Track 16-1Advances in Robotic neurosurgery
  • Track 16-2Robotics in stereotactic neurosurgery
  • Track 16-3Training surgeons in robotics
  • Track 16-4Patient benefits

Neuro oncology deals with cancers of the brain and spinal cord. Cancers of the nervous system are often severe conditions which will eventually become life threatening. Some examples of neurological cancers are astrocytoma’s, glioblastoma, ependymoma. Patients will not usually survive more than few months without treatment, but if chemotherapy and radiotherapy is done then survival can be extended to a couple of years in some patients. 

  • Track 17-1Chemotherapy for Brain related tumors
  • Track 17-2Radiotherapy techniques
  • Track 17-3Chemotherapy for primary spinal cord tumors
  • Track 17-4Therapeutic strategies for Spinal cord metastasis

ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is a medical device that relieves pressure on the brain caused by fluid accumulation Tapping or aspirating the shunt is performed for both diagnostic reasons (e.g., evaluate for shunt infection and blockage) and therapeutic reasons (e.g. allows fluids to be drawn off to alleviate symptoms from a blocked shunt). 

  • Track 18-1VP shunt procedures
  • Track 18-2Lumboperitoneal shunt
  • Track 18-3Risks in shunt placement
  • Track 18-4Mechanical complications of shunts
  • Track 18-5Biological complications of shunts

The major central nervous system (CNS) disorders, includes brain tumors, Alzheimer’s disease , Parkinson’s disease , and stroke. These are significant threats to human health. Even though impressive advances in the treatment of CNS disorders are made during the past few decades, the success rates are still moderate if not poor. The blood–brain barrier (BBB) hampers the access of systemically administered drugs to the brain. The development of nanotechnology provides powerful tools to deliver therapeutics to target sites. Neurotransmitter pathways exist in the CNS (brain and spinal cord) just as they do in the PNS. The major excitatory neurotransmitters are the amino acids glutamate (Glu) and aspartate (Asp); the major inhibitory neurotransmitters are GABA and glycine (Gly). 

 

  • Track 19-1Gene therapy
  • Track 19-2Nanotechnology based therapeutics
  • Track 19-3RNA interference therapeutics
  • Track 19-4Monoclonal antibody therapy
  • Track 19-5Management of drug overdose

Clinical trials and case reports generally depict insightful information gathered from larger groups and individuals, respectively through designated research methodologies. This collected information will help in unraveling researchers about the specific target that was used to study upon. 

  • Track 20-1Prevention trials
  • Track 20-2Case Report on CNS diseases
  • Track 20-3Case Report on Neurodegenerative Disorders
  • Track 20-4History of present illness in affected patients
  • Track 20-5Case Report on Neuro Oncology
  • Track 20-6Clinical trials - Neurology